2017-12-21

Contribution of the transport sector to climate change mitigation: Insights from a global passenger transport model coupled with a computable general equilibrium model

Runsen Zhang, Shinichiro Fujimori, Hancheng Dai, Tatsuya Hanaoka

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Contribution of the transport sector to climate change mitigation: Insights from a global passenger transport model coupled with a computable general equilibrium model

Authors:Runsen Zhang, Shinichiro Fujimori, Hancheng Dai, Tatsuya Hanaoka

Year:2018
Journal:Applied Energy, 211, 76-88

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Keywords

Passenger transport, AIM/Transport, Computable general equilibrium model, Model integration, Mitigation cost

Abstract

A passenger transport model, Asia-pacific Integrated Model (AIM)/Transport, incorporating travelers’ mode of choice and transport technological details was developed in this study. This AIM/Transport was coupled with the AIM/Computable General Equilibrium (AIM/CGE) to capture interactive mechanisms between the transport sector, energy consumption, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and the macro-economy. This paper presents the model structure and mathematical formulation of AIM/Transport, and explains how it was integrated with the CGE model by an iterative algorithm, taking into consideration the feedback between AIM/Transport and AIM/CGE. A numerical simulation proved that the integration of AIM/CGE and AIM/Transport can achieve a convergence after 13 iterations. A business-as-usual (BaU) scenario and a mitigation scenario were created to test the robustness of the model integration and how the mitigation potential and cost would be modified by coupling AIM/Transport. The key finding was that the carbon price and mitigation cost were modified with the coupled CGE-Transport model

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Fig.1.Model structure
Fig.1.Model structure
Fig.2.Travel demand and mitigation metrics in Asia-pacific Integrated Model /Computable General Equilibrium (AIM/CGE) with and without coupling AIM/Transport
Fig.2.Travel demand and mitigation metrics in Asia-pacific Integrated Model /Computable General Equilibrium (AIM/CGE) with and without coupling AIM/Transport

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