Zinc (Zn) & zinc compounds

Heavy metal.
Zinc are essential for the activity of several enzymatic systems. (ref. ID; 6123)
Zn is essential nutrients in a large variety of species and involved in diverse biochemical processes, such as internal respiration, oxygen transport, DNA and RNA replication, cell membrane maintenance and health, free radical removal, and others. These essential nutrients may exert toxicity when their concentrations are either too little or too great. (ref. ID; 6719)

[Zn]

Test organisms

Protozoa: Colpoda inflata (ref. ID; 1874)
Protozoa; Paramecium caudatum (ref. ID; 991)
Rotifera: Brachionus calyciflorus (ref. ID; 127)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea caliginosa (ref. ID; 4639)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6016)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus albidus (ref. ID; 6016)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrillus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 6719)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID: 4639, 5989)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID: 6803)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 4474)

[Zn: atomic absorption standards 1,000 ug Zn per ml (nominal) in 1% HCl]

Test organisms

Rotifera: Brachionus plicatilis (ref. ID; 1321)

[Zn2+]

Test organisms

Protozoa: Euplotes mutabilis (ref. ID; 6934)

[[65]Zn]

Test organisms

Green algae (formerly including protozoa): Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (ref. ID; 4995)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID; 6856)

[Zinc Acetate]

Chemical characteristics

Water soluble.

Test organisms

Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6866, 7163)

[Zinc Acetate Salts]

Test organisms

Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea caliginosa (ref. ID; 5979)

[Zinc Chloride] CAS[7646-85-7] UN2331

Trade name

Malinckroat

Chemical formula

ZnCl2

Chemical characteristics

Water soluble.

Purpose for use

Insecticide.

Mode of action

Zinc are known as oxidative stress inductors, causing lipid peoxidation. (ref. ID; 6754)

Test organisms

Protozoa: Aspidisca cicada (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Blepharisma americanum (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Colpidium campylum (ref. ID; 6011, 7060)
Protozoa: Euglena gracilis (ref. ID; 6123)
Protozoa: Euplotes affinis (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Euplotes patella (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Paramecium caudadum (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Uronema nigricans (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Activated sludge protozoan community (ref. ID; 6006)
Rotifera: Philodina roseola (ref. ID; 2647)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea tuberculata (ref. ID; 6129)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia andrei (ref. ID; 7088)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 7163)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus albidus (ref. ID; 6754, 7034)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus crypticus (ref. ID; 6836)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID; 7084, 7133)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6003)
Oligochaeta: Community (tubificid worms) (ref. ID; 6805)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 506, 2165, 4571, 6820, 7045)

[Zinc Chloride Salt]

Test organisms

Nematoda; Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 7010)

[Zinc Nitrate]

Test organisms

Protozoa: Euglena gracilis (ref. ID; 3548)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6864, 6868, 7163)
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 4480)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 3301, 6823)

[Zinc Nitrate, Hexahydrate] CAS[10196-18-6] UN1514

Chemical formula

Zn(NO3)2/6H2O

Chemical characteristics

Water soluble.

Test organisms

Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea caliginosa (ref. ID; 6858)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 1915, 6103, 6858)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID; 6819, 6858)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID; 6858)

[Zinc Nitrate, Tetrahydrate] CAS[19154-63-3]

Chemical formula

Zn(NO3)2/4H2O

Test organisms

Oligochaeta: Eisenia andrei (ref. ID; 5977)

[Zinc Sulfate]

[Zinc Sulfate, Anhydrous] CAS[7733-02-0]

Chemical formula

ZnSO4

Chemical characteristics

Water soluble.

Test organisms

Protozoa: Colpidium campylum (ref. ID; 6081)
Protozoa: Colpoda steinii (ref. ID; 499)
Protozoa: Euglena gracilis (ref. ID; 3312)
Protozoa: Spirostomum teres (ref. ID; 6838)
Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 497, 615, 3554, 6004)
Protozoa: Vorticella microstoma (ref. ID; 4989)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6980, 7163)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 7086)

[Zinc Sulfate, Heptahydrate] CAS[7446-20-0]

Trade name

Zinc sulfate (J)

Chemical formula

ZnSO4/7H2O

Purpose for use

Fungicide.

Toxicity

LD50 (oral): rat 2200 mg/kg.

Test organisms

Protozoa: Acanthamoeba castellanii (ref. ID; 946)
Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 979)
Rotifera: Philodina sp. (ref. ID; 1091)
Oligochaeta: Aeolosoma hemprichi (ref. ID; 1091)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia foetida (ref. ID; 7145)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID; 6711)
Oligochaeta: Nais sp. (ref. ID; 1091)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6079, 6080, 6968)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 7009, 7011, 7033)

[Zinc Sulfate, Hexahydrate]

Chemical formula

ZnSO4/6H2O

Chemical characteristics

Water soluble.

Test organisms

Nematoda: Caenorhabiditis elegans (ref. ID; 6824)

[Zinc Sulphates]

Test organisms

Nematoda: Community (ref. ID; 3304)

[3Zn(OH)2/2ZnCO3]

Test organisms

Oligochaeta: Eisenia foetida (ref. ID; 7145)

[Mancozeb], [Maneb]

See: Mn

[Zineb]

= Zinc Ethylenebis-(dithiocarbamate)(polymeric) or Zinc Ethylene-bis(dithiocarbamate) CAS[12122-67-7] UN2771

Trade name

Zineb (J, I, B): Dipher, Dithane-Z-78, Parzate

Chemical formula

(C4H6N2S4Zn)n

Purpose for use

Fungicide.

Toxicity

LD50 (oral): rat 5200 mg/kg.

Test organisms

Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 3554)

[Ziram] CAS[137-30-4] UN2771

= Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate

Trade name

Ziram (J, I, B): Fuklasin, Zerlate, Zincmate

Chemical formula

C6H12N2S4Zn

Purpose for use

Fungicide.

Toxicity

LD50 (oral): rat 1400 mg/kg.

Test organisms

Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 3554)

[Sediment Zn Pollution]

Test organisms

Oligochaeta: Community (tubificid worms) (ref. ID; 6704)

[Soil Zn Pollution]

Sources of Zn in urban environments include wear of tires and other automobile parts that collect on road surfaces. (ref. ID; 7084)

Test organisms

Oligochaeta: Allolobophora caliginosa (ref. ID; 5990, 5997)
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora chlorotica (ref. ID; 5994, 5997, 7048)
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora longa (ref. ID; 5997)
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora rosea (ref. ID; 5990, 5997)
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora tuberculata (ref. ID; 5997, 6104)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea caliginosa (ref. ID; 5994, 6102, 6107, 7048)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea icterica (ref. ID; 5994)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea rosea (ref. ID; 5994)
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena madeirensis (ref. ID; 5990)
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena octaedra (ref. ID; 5990)
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena rubida (ref. ID; 6077)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6703, 6749, 6750, 6834)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus castaneus (ref. ID; 5994)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus friendi (ref. ID; 5990)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID; 5989, 5994, 6102, 6741, 6749, 7055)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID; 5994, 5997)
Oligochaeta: Octolasion tyrtaeum (ref. ID; 6703)

[Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate]

Trade name

Ziram (I, B): Fuklasin, Zerlate, Zincmate

Chemical formula

C6H12N2S4Zn

Purpose for use

Fungicide.

Toxicity

LD50 (oral): rat 1400 mg/kg.

[Zinc ethylenebis (dithiocarbamate)(polymeric)]

Trade name

Zineb (I, B): Dipher, Dithane-Z-78, Parzate

Chemical formula

(C4H6N2S4Zn)n

Purpose for use

Fungicide.

Toxicity

LD50 (oral): rat 5200 mg/kg.