Cadmium (Cd) & cadmium compounds

Heavy metal.
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous heavy metals both to human and aquatic ecosystems. Cd is carcinogenic, embryotoxic, tetratogenic and mutagenic and may cause hyperglycemia, reduced immunopotency and anemia due to its interference with iron metabolism. (ref. ID; 6934)

[Cd]
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Colpoda inflata (ref. ID; 1874)
Rotifera: Brachionus rubens (ref. ID; 820)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea caliginosa (ref. ID; 4639)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6016)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus albidus (ref. ID; 6016)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeistrei (ref. ID; 4453, 6719)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus udekemianus (ref. ID; 6109)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID: 4639, 5989)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID: 6803)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 4474, 6738)
Microcosms (ref. ID; 1322)

[Cd: atomic absorption standard solution 1,000 ug Cd per ml (nominal) in 1% HNO3]
Test organisms;
Rotifera: Brachionus calyciflorus (ref. ID; 121, 127, 2168)
Rotifera: Lecane hamata (ref. ID; 6861, 7164)
Rotifera: Lecane luna (ref. ID; 6861, 7164)
Rotifera: Lecane quadridentata (ref. ID; 6861, 7164)

[Cd2+, [109]Cd2+, [111]Cd2+]
Test organisms;
Green algae (formerly including protozoa): Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (ref. ID; 4995, 6723, 6930)
Protozoa: Amoeba proteus (ref. ID; 485)
Protozoa: Euplotes mutabilis (ref. ID; 6934)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6832)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID; 6856)

[Cadmium Acetate] CAS[543-90-8]
Chemical formula; Cd(CH3CO2)
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Freshwater protozoa community (ref. ID; 1322)
Protozoa: Marine protozoa community (ref. ID; 3309)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea caliginosa (ref. ID; 5979)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 7163)


[Cadmium Chloride]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia andrei (ref. ID; 6831, 6948)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 7012, 7163)
Nematoda: Panagrellus redivivus (ref. ID; 868)

[Cadmium Chloride Anhydrous] CAS[10108-64-2] UN2570
Chemical formula; CdCl2
Chemical characteristics; Water soluble.
Mode of action; Cadmium are known as oxidative stress inductors, causing lipid peoxidation. (ref. ID; 6754)
Displaces zinc from various protein and leads to cellular lesions; carcinogen. (ref. ID; 6758)
Toxicity; LD50 (oral): rat 88 mg/kg
Test organisms;
Green algae (formarly including protozoa): Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (ref. ID; 6996)
Protozoa: Colpidium campylum (ref. ID; 939)
Protozoa: Euplotes aediculata (ref. ID; 1876)
Protozoa: Euplotes vannus (ref. ID; 7711)
Protozoa: Prorocentrum micans (ref. ID; 4417)
Protozoa: Spirostomum teres (ref. ID; 6838)
Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 979, 981, 3554, 7711)
Protozoa: Tetrahymena vorax (ref. ID; 6002)
Protozoa: Vorticella microstoma (ref. ID; 4989)
Protozoa: Activated sludge microorganisms (ref. ID; 926)
Rotifera: Brachionus plicatilis (ref. ID; 718)
Rotifera: Brachionus rubens (ref. ID; 820)
Rotifera: Philodina roseola (ref. ID; 2647)
Oligochaeta: Aphelenchus avenae (ref. ID; 1767)
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena veneta (ref. ID; 6121, 6127)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia andrei (ref. ID; 6710)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6802, 6924, 7156)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida andrei (ref. ID; 831)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus albidus (ref. ID; 5909, 6754)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus buchholzi (ref. ID; 1320)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 7008)
Oligochaeta: Lumbriculus variegatus (ref. ID; 4480)
Oligochaeta: Mesorhabditus monhystera (ref. ID; 1767)
Oligochaeta: Trichodrilus tenuis (ref. ID; 7796)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6636)
Nematoda: Acrobeloides buetschlii (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Aphelenchus avenae (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Aporcelaimellus obtusicaudatus (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 506, 849, 1276, 2165, 3326, 4571, 6758, 6820, 6824, 6854, 6855, 7035, 7045)
Nematoda: Cephalobus persegnis (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Diplogasteritus sp. (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Dorylaimus stagnalis (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Plectus acuminatus (ref. ID; 1276, 6936, 7023)
Nematoda: Prionchulus punctatus (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Rhabditis sp. (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Tylenchus elegans (ref. ID; 1276)
Nematoda: Tobrilus gracilis (ref. ID; 1276)

[Cadmium Chloride Monohydrate]
Chemical formula; CdCl2/H2O
Chemical characteristics; Water soluble.
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Oxytricha granulifera (ref. ID; 4390, 7353)
Protozoa: Stylonychia lemnae (ref. ID; 4390)
Protozoa: Stylonychia notophora (ref. ID; 4390)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6830)
Oligochaeta: Enchytraeus albidus (ref. ID; 6830, 7034)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6747)

[Cadmium Chloride 2.5-Hydrate] CAS[7790-78-5] UN2570
Chemical formula; CdCl2/2.5H2O
Chemical characteristics; Water soluble.
Test organisms;
Green algae (formerly including protozoa): Chlamydomonas reinhardti (ref. ID; 1319)
Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 1319)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6832)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 1318, 3311)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 851, 7009, 7011, 7033)

[Cadmium Chloride Hexahydrate]
Chemical formula; CdCl2/6H2O
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6968)

[Cadmium Chloride Hemipentahydrate]
Chemical formula;
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia andrei (ref. ID; 7088)

[Cadmium Chloride-Water(3/8)]
Chemical formula; 3CdCl2/8H2O
Test organisms;
Green algae (formerly including protozoa): Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (ref. ID; 7001)

[Hydrated Cadmium Chloride]
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Aspidisca cicada (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Blepharisma americanum (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Colpidium campylum (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Euplotes affinis (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Euplotes patella (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Paramecium caudatum (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Uronema nigricans (ref. ID; 6011)
Protozoa: Activated sludge protozoan community (ref. ID; 6006)


[Cadmium Chloride Salt]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora caliginosa (ref. ID; 6086)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID; 6086)
Nematoda; Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 7010)
[Cadmium Nitrate]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena rubida (ref. ID; 6871)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6864, 6868, 7163)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 6823)

[Cadmium Nitrate]
Chemical formula; Cd(NO3)
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID; 6101)

[Cadmium Nitrate]
Chemical formula; Cd(NO3)2
Chemical characteristics; water soluble
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Colpidium campylum (ref. ID; 6081)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia andrei (ref. ID; 7089)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6827)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID; 5987, 5993)
Nematoda: Caenorhabditis elegans (ref. ID; 3301)

[Cadmium Nitrate Tetrahydrate] CAS[10022-68-1] UN1477
Chemical formula; Cd(NO3)2/4H2O
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6103, 6683)


[Cadmium Nitric Salts]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena veneta (ref. ID; 6837)

[Cadmium Oxide] CAS[1306-19-0] UN2570
Chemical formula; CdO
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia foetida (ref. ID; 7145)


[Cadmium Sulfate]
Chemical formula; CdSO4
Chemical characteristics; Water soluble.
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Colpidium campylum (ref. ID; 7060)
Protozoa: Colpoda steinii (ref. ID; 499)
Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 493, 497, 615, 6004)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6781, 6866, 6980, 7163)

[Cadmium Sulfate-Water(3/8)] CAS[7790-84-3] UN2570
Chemical formula; 3CdSO4/8H2O
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Eisenia foetida (ref. ID; 7145)
Oligochaeta: Limnodriloides verrucosus (ref. ID; 7006)
Oligochaeta: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (ref. ID; 7006)
Oligochaeta: Monopylephorus cuticulatus (ref. ID; 7006)
Oligochaeta: Quistadrilus multisetosus (ref. ID; 7006)
Oligochaeta: Stylodrilus heringianus (ref. ID; 7006)
Oligochaeta: Tubifex tubifex (ref. ID; 6079, 6080, 7006)


[River Cd Pollution]
Test organisms;
Protozoa: Tetrahymena pyriformis (ref. ID; 6093)

[Sediment Cd Pollution]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: community (tubificid worms) (ref. ID; 6704)

[Soil Cd Pollution]
Test organisms;
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora caliginosa (ref. ID; 5990, 5997)
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora chlorotica (ref. ID; 1433, 5994, 5997)
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora longa (ref. ID; 5997)
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora rosea (ref. ID; 5990, 5997)
Oligochaeta: Allolobophora tuberculata (ref. ID; 5997, 6104)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea caliginosa (ref. ID; 5994, 6102, 6107)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea icterica (ref. ID; 5994)
Oligochaeta: Aporrectodea rosea (ref. ID; 5994)
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena madeirensis (ref. ID; 5990)
Oligochaeta: Dendrobaena octaedra (ref. ID; 5990)
Oligochaeta: Eisenia fetida (ref. ID; 6703, 6750, 6834)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus castaneus (ref. ID; 5994)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus friendi (ref. ID; 5990)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus rubellus (ref. ID; 1433, 5989, 5994, 6102, 6741, 7055)
Oligochaeta: Lumbricus terrestris (ref. ID; 1433, 5994, 5997)
Oligochaeta: Octolasion tyrtaeum (ref. ID; 6703)