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Columba livia

Basic information
Scientific name Columba livia

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Common names Rock dove, Feral pigeon
Higher taxon Columbidae, Columbiformes, Aves
Natural range N Africa, W Asia, C Asia, S Asia, and Western China.
Habitat Farm area, urban area, riverside, etc.
Invasion information
Range in Japan Almost entire Japan including several islands. Range in Japan
Origin Unknown.
Date 6C or earlier. Records of wild population were since late 19C.
Route Deliberate: For a religious ceremony (release of living animal). For food.
Impact In foreign countries, competitive with native birds for food and nesting site. Fecal pollution. Agricultural damage. Bird strike to airplanes, trains, etc. Transmitting cryptococcosis, parrot fever, etc.
Affected organism: Native birds, crops, human, etc.
Regulation in Japan No action for prevention, mitigation, control, or eradication.
Introduced range in other countries Worldwide. South Korea, SE Asia, Europe, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, North America, Latin America, Etc.
Reference Notes
  • Eguchi & Amano (1999) Naturalization of exotic birds in Japan. Jpn J Ornithol. 47, 97-114 (in Jpn)
  • Eguchi & Amano (2000) Problems of introductions and naturalizations in birds. Jpn J Conserv Ecol. 5, 131-148 (in Jpn)
  • Eguchi & Amano (2004) Spread of exotic birds in Japan. Ornithol Sci. 3, 3-12.
  • Eguchi & Fujimaki (eds) (2000) Check-List of Japanese Birds Sixth Revised Edition. The Ornithological Society of Japan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Higuchi et al. (eds) (1996) The Encyclopedia of Animals in Japan 3 Birds I. Heibonsha, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Johnston & Janiga (1995) Feral Pigeons. Oxford University Press. New York.
  • Kawakami & Kanouchi (2012) The Handbook of Introduced Birds in Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Lepage (ed) (2003-2010) Avibase the world bird database (Accessed on 2012-6-07)
  • etc.
100 of the Japan’s Worst Invasive Alien Species